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務文化-有關項目管理的詞匯

Source:     2007-12-22  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  
英:

  Definition

  - Process of managing and implementing company goals and objectives.


  - Goals and objectives are then further segmented into specific activities

  that are executed to accomplish them. These specific activities comprise

  various functional elements, such as Marketing, Finance, Operations, etc.,

  which are brought together for a common purpose.

  Scope & Requirements

  The scope of a project involves determining elements such as time,

  space, depth, and resources involved. Requirements involves

  determining the actual physical and intellectual assets necessary to

  accomplish the project.

  Milestones

  Key chronological points that denote/chart important events along the

  evolution of a project. Milestones are used to ensure that critical

  points in the project have been accomplished, and to eyeball the

  evolutionary path of a project.

  Materials

  Procuring the necessary equipment, tools, supplies and raw materials

  to either support or accomplish the goals of a project.

  Template

  The actual business model which outlines the blueprint of a project.

  It usually shows all the inter-related parts, phases, and functionalities

  of a project, and they must be integrated.

  Execution

  The phase of a project which follows determination of scope,requirements, materials and template. It is the call to action which brings to fruition the goals and objectives of a project (i.e. it is the act of carrying out all tasks and activities necessary to realize the project).

  Workflow management

  Developing, charting, administering, and monitoring the actual job and

  tasks that are necessary to be performed by all project participants and

  functionalities. It is usually the process of delegating the work that

  must be done by the appropriate work groups or individual employees.

  Measurement and Reporting

  Measurement involves the application of statistical and financial figures and ratios which are used to determine if a project is meetingthe budget and/or plan.

  Reporting involves the collection, summarization and conveying of facts and figures in a specified format for further analysis and/or to aid in decision-making (closely related to Tracking).

  Reassessment

  Involves taking a step back when you’re close to finishing a project

  or have actually completed it, and then determining lessons learned

  and best practices, identifying problems, and taking the proper

  corrective action to solve them.

  中:

  項目定義

  - 管理并實現公司目標的過程。

  - 目標被進一步分割為各項具體任務加以完成。其中包括為完成一個共同目標而組合起來的不同的功能部門,如銷售、財務、經營部門等。

  規模和要求

  項目規模包括所需時間、空間、力度和資源等決定性因素。項目要求包括完成項目實際所需的人力物力。

  里程碑

  在項目進行過程中表示重要事件并按時間順序排列的關鍵點。里程碑通常用于保證項目中至關重要的部分已被完成,同時審視項目運行進程。

  物資

  獲取必須的裝備、工具、供給和原料用以幫助或完成項目目標。

  模板/樣板

  勾勒項目藍圖的實際商業模型。它通常顯示一個項目中所有相互關聯的部分、階段和功能,并將他們綜合在一起。

  實施

  確定項目規模、要求、所需物資以及模板之后的下一個項目階段。它吹響了完成項目目標的號角( 也就是說,這一階段要開始所有的任務和工作以完成項目)。

  工作流程管理

  對應由所有項目參與者以及功能部門完成的工作和任務作出工作流程圖表,以便更好地管理和監督。通常是給相工作群體或個別職員分派工作的過程。

  驗收和報告

  驗收包括對統計、財務數據和比率進行評估和審驗以確定項目是否符合預算和/或原計劃。

  報告包括對實際數據進行細致的收集、整理和通報以供進一步分析和/或決策(與跟蹤緊密相關)。

  再評估

  當你快要完成或者已經完成一個項目時,回顧以前的工作以總結經驗教訓,找出問題并采取適當的措施和方法解決問題。


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